Boxing is a very physically intense sport. Without proper care and technique, boxers can get seriously injured. Although injuries in boxing are more common in the hands, arms, and head, ankle injuries do occur.
Types of ankle injuries
When you experience pain in your ankle, it can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint the exact origin of the pain. There are so many muscles, tendons, and ligaments running past your ankle. If you experienced ankle injuries, you should consult with a doctor or physiotherapist to address the issue as soon as possible.
Some of the most common causes of ankle pain include the following:
Sprains and strains
A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. A strain is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon. Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that connects muscles to bones. These injuries usually heal by itself if you are careful not to repeat the injury and allowing it the time it needs to heal.
Inflammation of an ankle is usually an overuse injury, meaning that when you increase your level of activity of a specific body part rapidly, inflammation can occur. It can usually be treated with the R.I.C.E method (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), as well as with physiotherapy rehabilitation and NSAIDs (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory medication). Prompt treatment of these conditions is very important, as the inflammation can weaken the tendons over time and eventually lead to rupture. The two most common types of inflammation in an ankle are tendonitis and bursitis.
- Tendonitis – Tendonitis refers to irritation and inflammation in and around a tendon. Tendonitis is usually an overuse injury, meaning that when you increase your level of activity of a specific body part rapidly, inflammation can occur. In your ankle, there are four main tendons. The Achilles tendon runs down from the back of the calve muscle to the heel bone. The anterior tibial tendon runs past the front of the ankle bone (malleolus) on the inside of the leg. The posterior tibial tendon runs behind the malleolus on the inside of the leg. The peroneus brevis tendon runs on the outside of the leg, behind the malleolus.
- Bursitis – The retrocalcaneal bursa is a fluid-filled sack located where the Achilles tendon passes over the heel bone. As with tendonitis, bursitis refers to inflammation – only this time it is in the bursa.
Fractures refer to broken bones, which range from only a small bone that wouldn’t prevent you from using your ankle, to multiple breaks that force your ankle out of proportion. This might require you to wear a cast or a brace and avoid putting weight on the ankle for at least a few weeks. In severe cases, surgery might be necessary to repair the broken bones.